Man O War Shoal Marine Park

Note: The data were entered in the language of the country of origin (English, French or Spanish) and there is no translation available yet.


f - Clarify if some species/habitats listed in section III are the subject of more management/recovery/protection measures than others


Marine / costal / terrestrial ecosystems Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Mangroves no no no
Coral yes yes yes Research and monitoring, patrols.
Sea grass beds yes yes yes Research and monitoring
Wetlands no no no
Forests no no no
Others no no no


Species from SPAW Annex 3 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Hydrocharitaceae: Thalassia testudinum yes yes no
Hydrocharitaceae: Halophila baillonis no no no
Hydrocharitaceae: Halophila decipiens no no no
Hydrocharitaceae: Halophila engelmannii no no no


Species from SPAW Annex 2 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Reptiles: Caretta caretta yes yes no
Reptiles: Chelonia mydas yes yes no
Reptiles: Eretmochelys imbricata yes yes no
Reptiles: Dermochelys coriacea yes yes no
Birds: Puffinus lherminieri yes yes no
Birds: Sterna dougallii dougallii yes yes no
Mammals: Megaptera novaeangliae yes yes no
Mammals: Stenella longirostris yes yes no
Mammals: Tursiops truncatus yes yes no
Species from SPAW Annex 3 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Hydrozoa: Milleporidae yes yes no
Anthozoa : Antipatharia yes yes no
Anthozoa : Gorgonacea yes yes no
Anthozoa : Scleractinia yes yes no
Molluscs: Strombus gigas yes yes yes
Crustaceans: Panulirus argus yes yes yes

g - Describe how the protected area is integrated within the country’s larger planning framework (if applicable)


h - Zoning, if applicable, and the basic regulations applied to the zones (attach in Annex a copy of the zoning map)

Name Basic regulation applied to the zone
Conservation Zone Within the Conservation Area, the following activities are also prohibited (Article 15 of the Island Ordinance Nature Conservation and Protection Sint Maarten): The use of water scooters Fishing of any kind Sailing with a vessel with an average draft of more than six meters Removal of live or dead animals or plants Possession of live or dead fish or other sea animals or plants that are found not to originate from elsewhere.
Traffic Zone Ships sailing outside the routes to and from ports must keep a distance of at least 100m with respect to the coast. Ships that arrive from abroad and are allowed into Great Bay and/or depart from Great Bay must make use of the designated shipping areas.

i - Enforcement measures and policies

In 2013 there were five patrols throughout the week, including weekends. During the day, the patrols last for up to four hours and include some maintenance on boat moorings, lines and pick ups. Patrols also take place at sunrise, sunset and during the night for two hours to gather information on shark poaching. There were three weekly beach patrols, each for three hours throughout the 36 week turtle nesting season from the end of March to the beginning of November.

There were six logged incidents in 2013 relating to; two oil spills, one vessel grounding, two incidences of fishing in marine park and one incident of shark poaching. A number of verbal warnings were also given. There were three PV prosecutions and three written warnings , all legal incidents now include written warnings which are also communicated to prosecutor and relevant government departments. Nine CITES permits were issued for tourists leaving the country with shells and coral fragments (rock).

Through 2013 lobbying took place on five key issues:

·       Structured government subsidy for the Marine Park.

·       MPA ordinance development

·       A zoning plan for the island

·       Extension of the marine park, to include parts if the East Coast.

·       The listing of Mullet Bay and Simpson Bay Lagoon as a Ramsar site.


The Manager provided advice and consultancy on five issues relating to the marine park;

·       Survey for an extension of the runway.

·       Netting of shallow seagrass areas to isolate them from a Mega Yacht Marina.

·       Maritime affairs liaison.

·       Man and biosphere committee

·       Millennium Acceleration Framework Committee.

j - International status and dates of designation (e.g. Biosphere Reserve, Ramsar Site, Significant Bird Area, etc.)

International status Date of designation
Biosphere reserve no
Ramsar site no
Significant bird area no
World heritage site (UNESCO) no
Others: no

k - Site’s contribution to local sustainable development measures or related plans

not specified

l - Available management resources for the area

Ressources How many/how much Comments/description
Human ressources Permanent staff 3 In 2013 Twenty one local volunteers contributed a total of four weeks of work assisting with Reef Check, lionfish removal, patrolling, coral transplanting and turtle research. One local intern and spent a total of 24 weeks working on lionfish predation research. Partners are consultants and contractors. Staff work with in excess of 35 stakeholder groups.
Volunteers 22
Partners 5
Physical ressources Equipments Staff have access to a range of equipment for communication, science, diving and operations at sea For more details see the Attachment 10 "Physical resources"
Infrastructures Nature Foundation St. Maarten has rented offices and access to a boat shed and workshop. It also maintains 25 moorings as part of it's infrastructure.
Financial ressources Present sources of funding Grants Fees Donors Budget as of 2014
Sources expected in the future DCNA trust fund income Grants Fees Donors
Annual budget (USD) 140000

Conclusion Describe how the management framework outlined above is adequate to achieve the ecological and socio-economic objectives that were established for the site (Guidelines and Criteria Section C/V).

The management framework above allows for the development and consolidation of the site as a protected area. The staff have the capacity carry out all necessary operational duties, including management, patrolling, maintenece, law enforcement, working with stakeholders, research, monitoring education and communication as well as administrative tasks. Projects are also undertaken on an ad hoc basis.

The work carried out addresses all of the objectives set out by St Maarten Nature Foundation for the management of The Man O War Shoal Marine Park. There is of course space for progression and growth within the framework, especially with respect to the human resource capacity should the necessary funding become available. This will allow even more work to be carried out to address the stated objectives.