Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary

Note: The data were entered in the language of the country of origin (English, French or Spanish) and there is no translation available yet.


f - Clarify if some species/habitats listed in section III are the subject of more management/recovery/protection measures than others


Marine / costal / terrestrial ecosystems Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Mangroves no no no
Coral yes yes no The 1992 amendments to the FKNMSPA (Section 7(a)(4)) are much more specific, calling on the Secretary of Commerce to: • identify priority needs for research and amounts needed to improve management of the Sanctuary, and in particular, the coral reef ecosystem within the Sanctuary; • identify clearly the cause-and-effect relationships between factors threatening the health of the coral reef ecosystem in the Sanctuary; and • establish a long-term ecological monitoring program and database, including methods to disseminate information on the management of the coral reef ecosystem.
Sea grass beds no no no
Wetlands no no no
Forests no no no
Others no no no


Species from SPAW Annex 3 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Cymodoceaceae: Halodule wrightii no no no
Cymodoceaceae: Syringodium filiforme no no no
Hydrocharitaceae: Thalassia testudinum no no no


Species from SPAW Annex 2 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Gasteropods: Orthalicus reses reses no no no
Reptiles: Crocodylus acutus no no no
Reptiles: Eumeces egregius no no no
Reptiles: Caretta caretta no no no
Reptiles: Chelonia mydas no no no
Reptiles: Eretmochelys imbricata no no no
Reptiles: Lepidochelys kempii no no no
Reptiles: Dermochelys coriacea no no no
Birds: Mycteria americana no no no
Birds: Haliaeetus leucocephalus no no no
Birds: Sterna antillarum antillarum no no no
Birds: Sterna dougallii dougallii no no no
Birds: Vermivora bachmanii no no no
Birds: Ammodramus maritimus mirabilis no no no
Mammals: Balaenoptera physalus no no no
Mammals: Balaenoptera borealis no no no
Mammals: Megaptera novaeangliae no no no
Mammals: Eubalaena glacialis no no no
Mammals: Physeter macrocephalus no no no
Mammals: Trichechus manatus no no no
Mammals: Peromyscus gossypinus allopatica no no no

g - Describe how the protected area is integrated within the country’s larger planning framework (if applicable)

not specified

h - Zoning, if applicable, and the basic regulations applied to the zones (attach in Annex a copy of the zoning map)

Name Basic regulation applied to the zone

i - Enforcement measures and policies

Emergency regulations
Where necessary to prevent or minimize the destruction of, loss of, or injury to a Sanctuary resource or quality, or minimize the imminent risk of such destruction, loss, or injury, any and all activities are subject to immediate temporary regulation, including prohibition. Any such temporary regulation may be in effect for up to 60 days, with one 60-day extension. Additional or extended action will require notice and comment rulemaking under the Administrative Procedure Act, notice in local newspapers, notice to Mariners, and press releases.

(a) Each violation of the NMSA or FKNMSPA, any regulation in this part, or any permit issued pursuant thereto, is subject to a civil penalty of not more than $100,000. Each day of a continuing violation constitutes a separate violation.
(b) Regulations setting forth the procedures governing administrative proceedings for assessment of civil penalties, permit sanctions, and denials for enforcement reasons, issuance and use of written warnings, and release or forfeiture of seized property appear at 15 CFR part 904.

j - International status and dates of designation (e.g. Biosphere Reserve, Ramsar Site, Significant Bird Area, etc.)

International status Date of designation
Biosphere reserve no
Ramsar site no
Significant bird area no
World heritage site (UNESCO) no
Others: no

k - Site’s contribution to local sustainable development measures or related plans

not specified

l - Available management resources for the area

Ressources How many/how much Comments/description
Human ressources Permanent staff 59
Physical ressources Equipments
Financial ressources Present sources of funding Note if the basic financing is ensured: a core funding for basic staff, protection and information measures. Who provides the core funding? Briefly assess the degree of adequacy of the present financial means for the area, either low, moderate, satisfactory; e.g. the implementation of the management plan, including protection, information, education, training and research. The FKNMS budget is part of the ONMS federal budget allocation within the Department of Commerce’s National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration’s budget. ONMS budget has been level for a number of years, which has severely slowed implementation of new programs for FKNMS.
Sources expected in the future
Annual budget (USD)

Conclusion Describe how the management framework outlined above is adequate to achieve the ecological and socio-economic objectives that were established for the site (Guidelines and Criteria Section C/V).

One of the primary mandates of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary and Protection Act (FKNMSPA) is to educate the public about the marine environment surrounding the Keys. The diverse habitats, resources, and unique setting of the Keys offer opportunities for the interpretation of marine subtropical and temperate environments. Education and outreach strategies in the action plan fall into two general categories: community involvement/community program strategies and product development strategies.

The first group includes education and outreach strategies designed as interactive programs for user groups (e.g., exhibit production, training programs, workshops, school programs, public-involvement forums, and special events). Strategies that result in the development of specific products (i.e., printed materials, audio-visual materials, signs and displays in high-use areas of the Keys, public service announcements, visitor booths/displays etc.) providing a mechanism for public education and outreach are included in the second group. The education and outreach strategies were developed based on input from environmental educators, Sanctuary education staff, user groups, environmental activists, concerned citizens, and thorough public comment received on the draft management plan.