Seaflower Marine Protected Area

Note: The data were entered in the language of the country of origin (English, French or Spanish) and there is no translation available yet.


Describe the mechanisms and programmes that are in place in regard to each of the following management tools in the nominated site (fill only the fields that are relevant for your site)

Management tools Existing Mechanisms and programmes in place Comments (if any)
Public awareness, education, and information dissemination programmes yes The MPA provides ample opportunities for environmental education and to build awareness of the significance of marine ecosystems and conservation. One of the major successes of MPA management to date is the variety and extent of its on-going education, outreach, and public involvement programs. First, all management decisions integrate scientific knowledge with indigenous knowledge, which requires bringing scientists and community together on a regular basis. The MPA also employs community promoters, who are well-known to the community and bring together management, scientists, and stakeholders, facilitating grassroots interaction in any number of ways. Informal public meetings are a regular feature of MPA management, with open dialogue encouraged. There are many activities to share information, educate the wider community, and build stewardship and an environmental consciousness. These include the creation and management of public document centers to make information widely available to the community; information management systems; island-wide, diverse meetings and events targeting all stakeholders, ages, and levels of the wider community; media campaigns; local, national, and international presentations; introduction of formal school curricula on coastal and marine ecosystems; and the production of a variety of publications for children and adults, general outreach materials, and peer-reviewed articles. Collective learning initiatives are also developed with local people and scientists through partnership research, advisory groups, community-based monitoring, expert training, etc. For example, community-based monitoring programs in place include ReefCheck, RECON, COSALC, and REEF. Other examples of joint activities include hiring community and volunteers to support research expeditions, community clean-ups, volunteer inspectors, and an adopt-an-ecosystem program (beaches, mangroves, etc.).
Capacity building of staff and management yes CORALINA has consistently invested significant budget and efforts in education about marine ecosystems and conservation, with the MPA being a priority. However, the lack of secure budget and staff (the MPA is not yet financially self-sustainable) can reduce effectiveness of the education process when education and outreach become project-driven. Programs need to be integrated into a comprehensive plan that progresses from theory to action to properly address the needs, levels, and responsibilities of diverse stakeholder groups. See prior answers for more detail on the many education, outreach, and training programs. Because outreach and community-wide education are among CORALINA’s most developed programs, environmental awareness has steadily improved. However, awareness is not enough. Compliance is not as high as it should be, there are many violations in spite of the growing awareness, and the community needs to become more pro-active in regard to conservation, instead of solely relying on CORALINA. Shared responsibility is challenging considering the pressure of daily needs exacerbated by the declining quality of life and growing poverty, but is still a major goal of MPA education.
Research, data storage, and analysis no
Surveillance and enforcement yes Human and material resources need to be substantially strengthened to improve surveillance. As mentioned in earlier sections, this is a main focus of the new GEF MPA project. Legal procedures are well-defined with graduated penalty structures and an education-based approach. Lawyers and managers are very accessible to the public. However, legal procedures are too complicated and bureaucratic, needing to be simplified and streamlined to become more efficient and effective.
Participation of exterior users no
Alternative and sustainable livelihoods no
Adaptative management no