Everglade National Park

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a - Legal and policy framework (attach in Annex a copy of original texts, and indicate, if possible, the IUCN status)

National status of your protected area:

National Park

IUCN status (please tick the appropriate column if you know the IUCN category of your PA):


b - Management structure, authority

The Organic Act of 1916 (http://www.nps.gov/protect/) not only established the National Park Service, but also described the basic objectives of the Service in managing individual park units. The preservation objectives were interpreted to mean that humans should not interfere with these land areas.

c - Functional management body (with the authority and means to implement the framework)

Description of the management authority

There are many legal instruments that have been passed over the years to protect and restore the Everglades ecosystem. Over the last 20 years or so, these include but are not limited to
*(1) the Florida legislature passed the Surface Water Improvement and Management (SWIM) Act, creating the first cleanup plan for the Everglades;
*(2) President Bush signed into law the Everglades National Park Protection and Expansion Act of 1989 (Public Law 101-229), authorizing the addition of 107,000 acres of the east Everglades to the park. The Act also directed the Corps "to construct modifications to the Central and Southern Florida Project to improve water deliveries into the park and shall, to the extent practicable, take steps to restore the natural hydrological conditions within the park";
*(3) The Florida Preservation 2000 Act established a coordinated land acquisition program to protect the integrity of ecological systems and to provide multiple benefits, including the preservation of fish and wildlife habitat, recreation space, and water recharge areas;
*(4) The Florida Legislature passed the Everglades Forever Act, calling for the restoration and protection of the Everglades. Part of the law mandated construction of Stormwater Treatment Areas (STAs) to improve water quality in the Everglades;
*(5) President Clinton authorized the Water Resource Development Act of 2000; committing a multibillion dollar budget to comprehensive Everglades restoration;
*(6) Florida's Governor Jeb Bush signs the Everglades Investment Act, committing the state to 50% of Everglades restoration costs;
*(7) The U. S. Congress passed Restoring the Everglades, an American Legacy (REAL) Act (S. 2797), authorizing and initiating funding for the $7.8 billion Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; and
*(8) President George Bush and Florida Governor Jeb Bush signed an agreement providing for Everglades restoration at a cost of $7.8 billion USD. The cost will be shared by the federal and state government.

Means to implement the framework

The Superintendent of Everglades National Park and the U.S. National Park Service have used these authorities cited above and means to implement a variety of projects with the aim of restoring the Everglades ecosystem and protecting its flora and fauna.

d - Objectives (clarify whether prioritized or of equal importance)

Objective Top priority Comment
Benefit of the people Yes The purpose of the park as interpreted from the enabling legislation is that Everglades National Park is a public Park for the benefit of the people. It is set aside as a permanent wilderness, preserving essential primitive conditions including the natural abundance, diversity, behavior, and ecological integrity of the unique flora and fauna.

e - Brief description of management plan (attach in Annex a copy of the plan)

The Everglades National Park General Management Plan (GMP) was completed in 1979. (http://www.nps.gov/ever/parkmgmt/upload/1979%20EVER%20Master%20Plan.PDF). The park is currently engaged in a planning process to update the GMP that will guide park management for the next 20 years. The park anticipates release of the Draft GMP for public review and comment in 2013. The Final GMP is expected to be completed in 2014 (www.nps.gov/ever/parkmgmt/ever-general-management-plan.htm).

Management plan - date of publication

: not specified

Management plan duration

: not specified

Date of Review planned

: not specified