St Eustatius National Marine Park

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a - Legal and policy framework (attach in Annex a copy of original texts, and indicate, if possible, the IUCN status)

National status of your protected area:

The St Eustatius Marine park was originally legally established in 1996 by island ordinance inlcuding the designation of the no-take no-anchoring marine reserves, various other protective measures and a user fee for divers. A subsequent island decree designated Stenapa as management organization, established anchor and mooring fees, and regulated dive operations. (ordinance and decree attached)

In 2007 the marine park received the status of National Park of the Netherlands Antilles by ministerial decree. After the constitutional changes in the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 2010, with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles and the accession of St Eustatius to the Netherlands, the Dutch Minister of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation re-established the St Eustatius Marine Park as a National Park of the Caribbean Netherlands on the 20th of September 2012.

Internationally, St. Eustatius is also bound by:

The CITES convention

The Cartegena Convention and its SPAW Protocol

The Inter American Convention for the Protection and Conservation of Sea Turtles (IAC)

The Convention On Biological Diversity (CBD)

The Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals (“Bonn Convention” or CMS)

The Ramsar Convention On Wetlands (Ramsar)

The International Convention For The Prevention Of Pollution From Ships

These international agreements, signed by the Kingdom of the Netherlands, are also binding for the Caribbean Netherlands, Curacao, and St. Maarten (and, with the exception of the IAC, also for Aruba) and the island governments are required by law to implement the provisions of the international treaties. The Kingdom Government (for all practical purposes the government of the Netherlands) is ultimately responsible for the isalnds' compliance and has the authority to annull any decisions by the islands that are in contravention of binding international agreements.

IUCN status (please tick the appropriate column if you know the IUCN category of your PA):


b - Management structure, authority

The St Eustatius National Parks Foundation (STENAPA) is a non-governmental, not for profit foundation (‘stichting’) incorporated in the Netherlands Antilles on 21st November 1988 and first registered with the St Maarten Chamber of Commerce and Industry on the 28th August 1995 (registration #80371).

The St Eustatius National Parks Foundation (STENAPA) is the only organization on St Eustatius with a mandate for environmental protection. STENAPA is legally mandated by the Island Government to manage all the island’s protected areas (the Statia National Marine Park, the Quill/Boven National Park as well as the Miriam Schmidt Botanical Garden) on the 21km2 island of St Eustatius. Collectively, the protected areas account for 33km2 - more than the total land area of St Eustatius

As a Foundation, STENAPA is headed by a Board of Directors who determines the long term goals, and supervise the implementation of long term and annual objectives by the Manager.

The Board appoints a Director of National Parks who, in turn, directs the team of staff, interns and volunteers to carry out operational activities and special projects. The Director meets with the Board at monthly meetings to report on activities, update on actions to implement Board decisions, and respond to Board concerns. Board members are voluntary in nature, and do not receive payment for their work with respect to STENAPA.

Any interested person residing on St Eustatius can apply to become a member of the governing Board of STENAPA at any time. The Board has a minimum of five and maximum of 15 members who are appointed upon agreement of existing board membership.

c - Functional management body (with the authority and means to implement the framework)

Description of the management authority

Daily operations are managed by a Director who delegates work to the managers under him/her. There is a Terrestrial Areas Manager, a Marine Park Manager and an Office/Finance Manager. Rangers alongside international interns and volunteers carry out the daily field work.

Means to implement the framework

The National Parks Foundation has a Visitor Center from which all operations are coordinated.

All departments have transportation, staff and equipment with which to carry out their duties. This includes a boat for the marine park

User fees, small grants, souveniere sales, funding and a small subsidy provide the monies neccesary to carry out daily operations.

d - Objectives (clarify whether prioritized or of equal importance)

Objective Top priority Comment
Preservation Yes Preservation, protection and administration of parcels of land/water on St Eustatius, worthy of preservation, due to: •Scenic beauty and/or the presence of flora and fauna important in scientific or cultural respects or valuable from a geological or historical point of view; • Its purpose to serve for the well-being, the education and the recreation of the St Eustatius population as well as that of visitors, all this with due observance of the primary requirement of preservation.
Education Yes

e - Brief description of management plan (attach in Annex a copy of the plan)

The current Management Plan was written in 2007. It is the second management plan for the St . Eustatius Marine Park, the firs t management plan was written in 1997.

Part 1 of the Management Plan provides valuable background and contextual information. It can be used as a stand-alone introduction to the island and MPA and has been written with a range of audiences in mind. Part 2 will be of interest to those wishing to develop a more in depth understanding of the operational management and issues facing the MPA. Part 3 is of concern to those with an interest in the current activities of St. Eustatius Marine Park and the rationale behind actions being taken. The final part of the plan is intended to act as a place marker for updates, where management actions have led to outcomes that can be described or there has been a change in the tools available to the MPA.

The physical, social and political environment that St. Eustatius National Marine Park works within greatly influences the operations of the protected area. Resources available to St. Eustatius Marine Park are described, including the legal instruments, institutional arrangements, human and physical resources. The main issues facing St. Eustatius Marine Park are detailed and described before being summarized.

The actions that St. Eustatius Marine Park need to take to work towards the mission and goals are clarified. Day to day activities of the MPA staff are outlined and actions are recommended to tackle the management issues and external issues identified.

Management plan - date of publication

: 1/3/08

Management plan duration

: 5

Date of Review planned

: 9/15/14