St Eustatius National Marine Park

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h - Information and knowledge

Information and knowledge available

All marine habitat from the high tide level out to the depth of 30 m is legally designated as the St. Eustatius National Marine Park by means of the St. Eustatius Marine Environmental Ordinance (AB 1996, No. 3). The total surface area of the marine park is 27.5 km2. The park is managed by STENAPA (St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation, which also manages two terrestrial parks on the island. Inside the St. Eustatius marine park two reserves have been designated in which no fishing or anchoring is allowed.  Habitats include coral reefs (drop off walls, volcanic ‘fingers’ and ‘bombs’, spur and groove systems), 18th century shipwrecks and artificial reefs. The island’s marine environment is home, migratory stop over or breeding site for 4 IUCN Red List Species, 10 CITES Appendix I species and 98 Appendix II species.


There have been several surveys done over the years and reports have been produced on these studies:


Sufficient for the needs of St. Eustatius National Marine Park:

Tide tables: Internet and GPS

GIS: Maps produced 2009

Baseline habitat maps

Socio-economic valuation: Total Economic Value of Nature on St. Eustatius

The local recreational and cultural value of nature on St. Eustatius

The Tourism Value of Nature on St. Eustatius

Mapping the Economic Value of Ecosystems on St. Eustatius

Status of commercially important species (conch, lobster)

Effectiveness of no-take reserves


Not available:

Maps of currents

Species lists

Status of endangered, threatened and endemic species

Bathymetric maps

Digital Satellite Images


All available publications (listed below) can be downloaded from the Dutch Caribbean Biodiversity Database:

List of the main publications

Title Author Year Editor / review
Habitat diversity and bio-diversity of the benthic seascapes of St. Eustatius Debrot et al. 2014
Breeding Success of Red-billed Tropicbirds at Pilot Hill, St. Eustatius – a follow-up study (2013-2014) Hannah Madden 2014
St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation Sea Turtle Conservation Program Annual Report 2012 Jessica Berkel 2013
In-Water Monitoring of Sea Turtle Aggregations in St. Eustatius National Marine Park Julia Smith 2008
Tanker Anchoring Impact Study and Recommendations St Eustatius Marine Park Nicole Esteban et al. 2007
Population status and reproductive biology of queen conch (Lobatus gigas) in the coastal waters around St Eustatius Melannie Meijer zu Schlochtern 2014
The status of the Caribbean spiny lobster (Panulirus argus) and its fishery in the coastal waters of St Eustatius. Suzanne Poiesz 2013
Status of Lobster and Conch populations and fisheries around St Eustatius. “Progress Report 2012” Martin de Graaf 2013
St. Eustatius National Parks - Lionfish Response Plan Tadzio Bervoets 2009
Cetaceans of Saba, Sint Eustatius & Sint Maarten: current knowledge and future monitoring Meike Scheidat and Steve Geelhoed 2013
Classifying benthic habitats and deriving bathymetry at the Caribbean Netherlands using multispectral Imagery. Case study of St. Eustatius Paula Nieto et al. 2013
The Total Economic Value of Nature on St Eustatius J.A. Cado van der Lely et al. 2014
The Tourism Value of Nature on St Eustatius S. van de Kerkhof et al 2014
The local cultural and recreational value of nature on St Eustatius F. Fenkl et al. 2014
Mapping the Economic Value of Ecosystems on St Eustatius K.F. Tieskens et al. 2014

Briefly indicate in the chart if any regular monitoring is performed and for what groups/species

Species / group monitored
(give the scientific name)
Frequency of monitoring
(annual / biannual / etc...)
(In particular, you can describe here the monitoring methods that are used)
Queen conch daily all landings of conch are monitored
Lobster daily all catches brought in by fishermen are monitored
Redbilled tropicbird annual breeding succes monitored
seaturtles annual nesting beach patrols